Belonging to the palm family, the buriti (Mauritia vinifera eM. Flexuosa) predominates in an extensive area that covers practically all of central Brazil and the southern Amazon plain.
Elegant in size, its stem can reach up to 35 meters in height. Large leaves form a rounded crown. Yellow-colored flowers appear from December to April. Its reddish-brown ellipsoid fruits have a surface lined with shiny scales. The yellow flesh covers a hard oval seed and edible almond. Fruit from December to June.
Buriti live alone or in communities, which require an abundant supply of water in the soil.
For this reason, floodplain and wetland, with soft and damp soil, where they stand out, are a sure sign that there is a water course there. Wherever they pass, it is the waters that carry and spread the seeds of the buriti palm. Buriti has several uses, including the production of a drink known as 'buriti wine'. From the pulp of its fruits is extracted an edible oil that has high levels of vitamin A.
This same oil is also used against burns, as it has a soothing and healing effect. In addition, the pulp is widely used for the production of ice cream, creams, jellies, liqueurs and vitamins of exotic flavors and high concentration of vitamin C.