and welcome to my blog, In my previous post we learned about pterygium and how best we can protect ourselves from developing the ocular condition. Today I would like us to take a look at the twin or brother of Pterygium, another common condition by the name Pinguecula
Pinguecula just like Pterygium is growth on the eye. It occurs on the conjunctiva and it mostly located nasal to the cornea. Although some articles point to it as benign hyperplasia I am going to stick with the term growth for easier reference and understanding. So what makes Pinguecula different from Pterygium?
Pinguecual is yellowish in color compared to Pterygium which is more or less whitish, this may be attributed to the fat that pinguecula may come about as a result of fat deposit on the eye. The more reason why I want to refrain from using the term cancer or benign hyperplasia. It is wedged shaped and may grow into a pterygium.
Also, just like Pterygium pinguecula may get inflamed resulting in symptoms such as burning sensation, pain and foreign body sensation on the eye. Aside this, pinguecula is innocuous and may not present any problems to the patient with the exception of aesthetic factors.
Causes and Prevention.
Looking at the fact that pinguecula could be fat deposits, fat intake may be a contributing factor. Then there are the general factors as per the books and journals which are just the same for pterygium. UV Rays, Dusty Environment, Heat, Dry Eye Syndrome etc.
Recommended preventive measure are the use of proper eye wear, either wearing to protect yourself from hazard in the work place, wearing based on lifestyle and aesthetics or for the purpose of enhanced vision in correction of a refractive error or color deficiency. Having the right protective coating to protect you from UV exposure, heat and dust would go a long way to preventing Pinguecula or Pterygium.
In scenarios where Pinguecula goes haywire and decides to keep growing to the detriment of vision, or happen to cause many unpleasant symptoms, then the need for medication would be required. Your Optometrist may prescribe some anti-inflammatory eye drops to help with the pain. And because Dry Eye is also a causative factor artificial tears may be given to combat this underlying factor. When growth is excessive or disturbing a surgical excision may be done by your ophthalmologist.
The Eye is delicate and you can never be too careful about your vision. Always seek information and medical care from the right sources. Regular visits to your optometrist may go a long way to improving your ocular health. When in doubt, visit the eye clinic. Thanks for reading and Have a Great Weekend.