Post-Pandemic Schools: Redesigning traditional classrooms

in Architecture+Designlast month (edited)


The pandemic pushed us to do work and school at home. It has been more than a year since the pandemic started. For someone in the university and laboratory for most of his time, I missed doing laboratory experiments or chatting with friends. We don't know the exact timeline when we can go back to our routines, but I think we won't go back to normal soon. There are vaccines, but with cases still overwhelm our healthcare, I am sure it is not sooner. When we go back to our offices or school, we will see a redefined space, where our cubicle has barriers or at a distance between each other.

Although going back to a classroom is not immediate, I think later we will go back, and we need new spaces that adhere to the government-mandated health standard. We need to accept that we can't have a crowded cafeteria with students chatting everywhere and don't see kids have lunch playtime. We limit the number of students in the classroom by either building more to accommodate all or schedule them on a different day. The pandemic changes our lives, and we need to confide in it.

One key issue that we need to address is how we redesign our classroom to fit the health standards. We can not have 40 or 50 people in our classrooms. The social distancing limits how many people can occupy in a time. Going for a smaller class size means more rooms to build, which may raise the overall cost of education. If schools choose to defer class time, more classes mean higher operating costs. The pandemic creates a design problem where architects, designers, and engineers should balance health and business in designing classrooms. Here are some design proposals and concepts for a post-pandemic school.

Curl la Tourelle Head Architecture's Outdoor Tent

Curl la Tourelle Head Architecture's outdoor tent concept (Archdaily)

The outdoor tent is a design concept by Curl la Tourelle Head Architecture for a pop-up school in London that prioritizes social distancing among teacher and student. They introduced it in Manorfield Primary School in Tower hamlets. The outdoor tent has a size of 6 meters by 18 meters, which has at least 25% more social distancing than a regular classroom.

Curl la Tourelle Head Architecture's Handwashing tent concept (Archdaily)

Curl la Tourelle Head Architecture's Outdoor tent interior concept (Archdaily)

It helps in mitigating restrictions of movement of teachers, staff, and students within schools. It maintains the required social distancing measures. The school will utilize the pop-up tent until the end of the school term. The pop-up tents enable better spacing between students and can take on further pupils due to the tent's spaciousness.

UNIT Fabrication's Social Distancing Furniture


UNIT Fabrication is a UK furniture company that conceptualizes mobile screens for a primary school in London. It helps students to maintain social distancing after the lockdowns. The screen is a plywood panel which they laminated on both sides and painted with vibrant colors. Each screen has wheels for ease of mobility to divide the internal spaces in the school. The designer created the screen at a height where the teacher can maintain visual contact with the students.

UNIT Fabrication's Social Distancing Furniture (Dezeen)

The designer deliberately chose plywood over the plastic screen. It gives more warmth than the sterile feel of plastic screens. The lamination enables the screen for easy cleaning. They associate each color with a year level to make it easier for students to stay in their bubble.

Soup International's PlayDaze

Soup Internaltional' PlayDaze Concept (Frameweb)

The PlayDaze concept aims to reminisce a playful learning experience where the classroom has multiple play areas like corridors, tunnels, bridges, and open classrooms. The design aims to allow children to engage with others outside their bubbles through contactless play. The classroom is a playground that encourages students to have a playful experience; hence the doors are repurposed windows. The walls extend into the classrooms, which divides the classes up into two bubbles.

Soup Internaltional' PlayDaze Concept (Frameweb)

Tatiana Garcia Bacca, Beth Hooper, Himani Harikrishna Ravuri, Ed Chelsea Rimando, and Aysha Farhana designed the PlayDaze. They get inspiration from Aldo Van Ayck and Charles Forberg Cypress Hill Playgrounds. They adapted the concept of minding with social distancing required during the Covid-19 pandemic. They also considered the works of Sanaa, RO/LU, IOU Theatre, and AAM Architects, which heavily influenced people to engage by employing sensory manipulation, tricks, and games.

Brooklyn Laboratory Charter School

One of Situ's proposals for a covered porch to shelter students during arrival. (Architect Magazine)

Brooklyn Laboratory Charter School is a network of public schools in downtown Brooklyn. The school collaborated with five architecture and design firms to reimagine the post-COVID-19 schools. The WXY Architecture + Urban Design proposed to have arrival checkpoints as outdoor classrooms. The design addresses how adults and students to be socially distanced while in line to take temperatures. Situ presents another plan on how the school measures the temperature and sanitizes their teachers and students.

One proposal from WXY Architecture + Urban Design (Architect Magazine)

An arrival sequence diagram from Situ (Architect Magazine)

PSF Projects considers several different proposals for a front porch to shelter students during arrival. (Architect Magazine)

They planned to have a front porch that serves as a shelter for the incoming teachers and students while queuing for temperature and health checks. Situ proposed a scaffolding design with other intricate features that keeps the students and teacher entertained while in a queue. The school board tries to have the most suited design that enables them to deliver education to all children, including those under the Special Education program. They also consider the teacher-to-student ratio in each room by considering social distancing measures. PBDW conducted space planning to see how many students, teachers, and aides can fit in a single classroom. They have two proposals: without barriers and with barriers.

PBDW Classroom Design(Architect Magazine)

PBDW Classroom Design (Architect Magazine)

When the schools reopen, many schools need to have classrooms that suit the required health measures. Again, it creates a design problem where architects, designers, and engineers should balance health and business in designing classrooms. Architects, designers, and engineers answer the call and design ingenious and feasible classrooms that address the needs for socially distancing in schools. They were able to present concepts that let the students interact but still following the social distancing measures.

Note: The cover image of this post is created by the author using Canva.


  1. Curl la Tourelle Head Builds First Socially Distanced Tent for a London Primary School
  2. CLTH Proposes Adaptive Design for Schools post COVID-19
  3. UNIT Fabrications builds social-distancing furniture for London primary school
  4. Post-Pandemic Schooling: Seeing the playground as an extension of the classroom
  5. The Back To School Facilities Toolkit Helps Visualize School Design After COVID-19
  6. Before-and-after photos show how the pandemic has changed classroom setups

I wonder if how the government will address the issue of not having 40-50 students per classroom since some schools houses more than 60 students per classroom especially in Metro Manila. The concept of tent classroom has a potential in addressing such issue. I hope our government already planning to address such issue as early as I am writing this comment.

I doubt the government has plans for that. We can't even get the virus spread controlled for a longer time. For public schools, it is really not good to do face-to-face classes; hence the DepEd don't have concrete plans. On the other hand, private institution may have the capacity to limit number of student per class, but it would raise the tuition cost per student. Smaller class size can bloat up operating cost. You know education still a business. The only viable option is to blended learning for the long run. Some student on the classroom (limited size) while others at home. Besides, I am hoping that the government address issues on health, education and economics with concreate plans.

I agree on your doubt that the government has plans.

I wonder as well as we are facing similar issues, especially in provincial public schools. In some areas during pre-pandemic, some levels have already reached 80 per classroom, hence they had to create night classes to make up for the lack of lecture spaces. And in this new climate, that sets back the educational system even more.

I agree with @juecoree's points, I doubt the current government has the forthcoming sense to plan for it. Sadly, this would affect the tuition fee rise. I feel that in the future if this continues, homeschooling will be on the rise. Teachers will continue to working privately as private educators. It would make more sense to hire a teacher on a one-to-one basis than send them to a private school with exorbitant costs.

However, the above proposals will be great for schools to continue and for any student who wants to go down the traditional educational system.

some levels have already reached 80 per classroom, hence they had to create night classes to make up for the lack of lecture spaces.

Yes these is so true, @discoveringarni. Remote areas in the provinces has these ongoing situation. The classroom construction on provinces has a slow turnout. A lot of bureaucracy involve. I visited one school before that two classes is using a single classroom.

Sadly, this would affect the tuition fee rise. I feel that in the future if this continues, homeschooling will be on the rise.

I also believe that a lot of school will continue the blended learning modality. I can see it will continue until 2022. Homeschooling programs will also have a traction. Student will be homeschooled for some days and in the classroom for science laboratory activities.

It is inevitable that the cost of education bloats up when we opt traditional classes with the undergoing pandemic. Classroom spaces designed for 30-40 student will be cut to half.

"A lot of bureaucracy involve. I visited one school before that two classes is using a single classroom."

Yes, that's the current situation here. Two teachers are using the same classroom. They had to cut the times by half. When they had a proposal early on of possibly resuming classes, I couldn't imagine how that would take place in a pandemic scenario so I'm glad they canceled that idea and continued distance learning by modules.

I believe so too and that it will stretch until 2022.

I feel that in the future if this continues, homeschooling will be on the rise

You are correct, homeschooling will be on the rise. Because I too am afraid to send my son to school until the pandemic has been clearly contained. Until then I would want my son to have online school as his mode of education.

To be honest, I feel like I've given up on our government. Their actions most of the time make me fume leading me to not watch the evening news anymore (watching news whose subjects are always government failure adds to my office stress).

I think it's a wise decision you've made to steer clear from watching the evening news. Even doing so, when I hear of what's happening directly from friends whose businesses are affected by ridiculous selfish demands and rules made by those in power, it is still upsetting.

My daughter as well is homeschooling because private schools in our area shut down for the entire school year. I truly hope our children get a better future despite all of these.

Yep, I too, still hear what's happening from friends and relatives, which also makes me upset most of the time. I am also still hoping that our children get a better future despite all the setbacks.

The pandemic has certainly created unwanted changes in how we do what we do. Could it also be possible that schools and educational institutions would become a thing of the past? What if this current pandemic worsens and kills the social nature of humanity? No more physical gatherings of any type whatsoever? Imagine a world where everything would be done online or virtually. What are your thoughts about this @juecoree?

Could it also be possible that schools and educational institutions would become a thing of the past?

Considering the worst case scenario, it is possible that we may not return to normal. I think school and educational institution may still be relevant in terms of providing education but I think the traditional classroom will become a thing in the past. Digital learning will become a new norm. On a lighter note, there are still things that needs a physical classroom. Technical and scientific education need to go laboratories.

What if this current pandemic worsens and kills the social nature of humanity?

It is already killing our social norms, but I hope it will no become as worst as humanity losing all physical social interactions. If we go for a little bit longer with lockdowns and quarantine, I believe we will get used to this set up. We may missed the large social gatherings but I think humanity will have deeper and intimate social relationship among small circles. I think virtual conversation is not a better substitute for actual physical conversation. Human are social being. Chatting friends and family online never quench our desire for socialization. Taking out the ability to socialize may result to anxiety, depression and failing mental health.

Indeed, human beings will constantly be physically social beings and no amount of virtual communication can change that. Great relationships are what matter in life and are the firm foundations for genuine happiness. Many thanks for your personal perspective!

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Hello @juecoree, just dropping by to congratulate you. This is a highly relevant topic. Continue to write scintillating and informative content.

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Appreciate the continuous support, @aplusd!

Happy to do so! Have a great weekend!