Given this scenario of evolution and adaptation towards new scenarios where the digitalization of resources represents a key position within the oil industry.
Oil industries are demanding professionals who master the basic oil principles, but in addition to this knowledge they must have skills in telesupervision and the ability to interpret oil digitized data. With all this professional profile, professionals trained in digitization can provide the oil industry with the ability to interpret production trends while at the same time improving the security of the work environment.
What are digital reservoir?
It can be conceptualized on the basis of what would be the digital fields, as long as we manage to define the scenario where the operational tasks will be executed within the oil industry based on the digitalization of the processes.
Operators, engineers and supervisors from this digital approach must be prepared to monitor themselves:
wells, pipelines, and any facility depending on the area where we operate. All these operations if under a digitized environment can only be carried out from a control panel, from an application installed on a tablet, in short you could say that this digital scenario minimizes operational risks while maximizing production rates.
This digital environment allows us to execute the same tasks that field trips can execute, with the difference and benefit that can be done from a site that supervises these activities in real time. It is necessary that the oil industry is constantly updating its employees, since this digital environment will grow as new elements are incorporated into what is artificial intelligence (AI).
It can be deduced then that every scenario as explained in the previous paragraphs gives rise to what we can call digital reservoirs.
Is there any precedent for these digital environments in the petroleum industry?
Of course, the incorporation of these digital environments depends on the area of the oil industry that needs to be evaluated or analyzed in order to execute a certain action.
In the case of reservoir engineering, knowledge of reservoir simulation is used, in which computer software is used to predict the petrophysical behaviour of the producing oil field. In the case of other departments such as drilling and production, new digital elements are being added all the time, but there is no doubt that this whole digital environment was strongly initiated from reservoir simulation.
Is the transformation towards digital is something unstoppable within the petroleum industry?
I really think that almost, it is something inevitable in what has evolved and constant application refers, for example I can tell you that there is a deposit in Argentina called Vaca muerta, in which much of the technology applied there to control and predict the future behavior of these deposits, taking into account their production based on the fact that they are unconventional deposits.
For the application of digitization in the oil industry it is necessary to know that the future regarding the extension of digitization depends on many factors, for example the application of digitization in drilling is not the same as in the reservoir department, where there is obviously a greater application in the area of reservoir engineering. The other thing is that not all oil companies join the application of digitalization in the same way, some companies are usually more receptive, others are usually more innovative, but what we can not deny is that the era of digital transformation in the oil industry is unstoppable.
Conclusion and considerations
Innovation in the oil industry has led us to the implementation of the digital field, to this we must also add an element called "engineering 4.0" which is the linking of the oil industry with the various forms of digitalization, including artificial intelligence.
This environment pushes the oil industry and its workers to innovate based on efficiency and resource optimization in benefit of lowering production costs.