The Nobel Committee has a policy of not awarding its prizes posthumously. Well, sort of.
From 1974, the Statutes of the Nobel Foundation stipulate that a Prize cannot be awarded posthumously, unless death has occurred after the announcement of the Nobel Prize. Before 1974, the Nobel Prize has only been awarded posthumously twice: to Dag Hammarskjöld (Nobel Peace Prize 1961) and Erik Axel Karlfeldt (Nobel Prize in Literature 1931).
But nothing says the person awarded has to show up, or even have the ability to show up. Carl von Ossietzky was awarded the 1935 Peace Prize while a prisoner in the Nazi’s Esterwegen concentration camp.
Death seems to be the only disqualifier. As far as I can tell, the the Royal Swedish Academy of Sciences (which awards the Prize in Economics) has the same policy.
Okay, so I don’t fall into any of the categories of people who can formally nominate someone. So I’d like to informally nominate someone to receive both the Peace and Economics Prizes.
His/hers/their White Paper changed everything.