Mushroom Protocol 03

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(Edited)

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Sony Nex vg-10, 35mm

Introduction

As I continued going to my weekly meeting at the association for mycological studies, I arrived Monday two weeks ago, only to be refused to entry. I guess everyone needs to follow regulation and protocol now? Due to the new regulations in Switzerland I needed to submit a vaccination or test certificate. As i can't participate there regularly anymore out or principle, I will unfortunately reduce the frequency of these protocol posts. Specially because it goes against my principles to be coerced into undergoing a medical procedure or in this case driven to social exclusion or denied participation due to my indifference in opinion. I guess there are still a million other things I don't need a certificate for? Maybe like going to the forest? It will not deter my passion for mushroom hunting. I shall continue to try to remember and identify them. I apologise for not being able to do our weekly mushroom protocol last week. In my previous and also my first post titled: Mushroom Protocol 02 We went over 3 mushrooms.
Namely:

  • The Boletus calopus, bitter beech bolete or scarlet-stemmed bolete
  • The Hygrocybe punicea, Crimson or waxycap
  • The Hypholoma fasciculare, sulphur tuft

So far we covered:

  • The Scleroderma citrinum or earthball
  • The Craterellus cornucopioides or horn of plenty
  • The lycoperdon or puffball
  • The Boletus calopus, bitter beech bolete or scarlet-stemmed bolete
  • The Hygrocybe punicea, Crimson or waxycap
  • The Hypholoma fasciculare, sulphur tuft



Can you guess any one of the following mushroom in this basket?

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Any one see anything they recognise in the basket?

Hericium Erinaceus:



The above mushroom in my previous post is a Hericium Erinaceus also known as Lion's Mane. It can usually be found on dead Beech trees. At times even a bit up the trunk. I once had to get one down using a stick. This mushroom is saprophytic and is known for it's medicinal properties of relieving Alzheimer's disease and also neuro degenerative diseases. It can improve memory and neuromotor functions. It's something I have also tested over a period of time and actually had achieved significant results with.

Mushrooms

The following were reviewed and discussed in a regular mycological study group I go to weekly.

Gyroporus castaneus, chestnut bolete

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ClassAgaricomycetes
FamilyGyroporaceae
OrderBoletales
Scientific NameGyroporus castaneus
Common Namechestnut bolete
AppearenceCap is about 3 to 10 cm in diameter.They look clean when fresh. The cap comes off really easy. They darken quickly when pressed. the often splitting cap margin, and its pale yellow spore print.
TypeMycorrhizal
OdeurSpicy and very tasty smell
Culinaryedible
TasteMild tasting, very delicious
Medicinal propertiesAnti-tumor effects Polysaccharides extracted from the mycelial culture of G. castaneus and administered intraperitoneally into white mice at a dosage of 300 mg/kg inhibited the growth of Sarcoma 180 and Ehrlich solid cancers by 80% and 70%, respectively (Ohtsuka et al., 1973). Source

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Stabilomyces Stabilaceus, old man of the woods

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ClassAgaricomycetes
FamilyBoletaceae
OrderBoletales
DivisionBasidiomycota
Scientific NameGyroporus castaneus
Common NameStrobilomyces floccopus/old man of the woods
Appearencedark blood red cap with irregular downturned margin. Becomes yellowish when mature. Gills are initially yellow and gradually become red when the fruit body ages. The stem is 5 to 15cm long and 1.3 to 2cm in diameter, is coarsely fibrillose, red on to and shading into yellow.
HabitatFound in groups in usually in coniferous forests and low mountain ranges
TypeMycorrhizal
Odeurundefined
Culinaryinedible

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Hydnum repandum, hedgehog mushroom:

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ClassAgaricomycetes
Scientific NameHydnum repandum
FamilyHydnaceae
Common Namesweet tooth, wood hedgehog or hedgehog mushroom
AppearenceThe cap or pileus isorange-, yellow- or tan-colored and can be up to 16cm. It's shape is often irregular. Mature specimens crack quickly.
HabitatThese are Ectomycorrhizal; they form rings among floors with moisture and leaf litter and are usually found on mossy forest floors.
Odeurmild
Culinaryedible
Tastetastes good on toast apparently. I like it in asian dishes or with herbs
Medicinal properties Hedgehog Mushroom Benefits & Medicinal properties The main benefit of eating hedgehog is nutritional. The mushroom is low in fat and calories, high in protein, and is rich in several dietary minerals, especially iron and manganese, though it’s a very good source of magnesium, calcium, and zinc as well . Many people find it delicious, and it can be prepared in many ways, so it is a rather appealing form of health food. Possible medicinal benefits include anti-tumor activity and anti-microbial activity, though these have not yet been extensively researched. Repandiol, a chemical substance isolated from hedgehog mushroom, shows strong anti-tumor activity in vitro . Several extracts made from the mushroom also proved at least partially effective against test microorganisms in culture . These substances have not been studied in human clinical trials, and while hedgehog is usually referred to as an “edible and medicinal mushroom,” it is rarely included in commercially available mushroom supplement blends.

Anti-tumor effects An extract of the culture mycelia showed 70% inhibition against Sarcoma 180 solid cancer in mice, while extracts from the fruit bodies showed 90% inhibition against both Sarcoma 180 and Ehrlich solid cancer in mice (Ohtsuka et al., 1973). Furthermore, the compound repandiol described above showed potent cytotoxic activity against a variety of tumor cell types, especially colon adenocarcima cells, for which its IC50 is 0.30 (Takahashi et al., 1992).

Antimicrobial activity In a study of antimicrobial activity using the disk-diffusion method, it was shown that a chloroform extract of the hedgehog mushroom had mild antibiotic activity against Enterobacter aerogenes, Staphylococcus aureus, Staphylococcus epidermidis and Bacillus subtilis, while the ethanol extract had mild activity against only Bacillus subtilis (Yamach and Bilgili, 2006). Source

Conclusions

I tell myself that I will always find edible mushrooms, and I do. At times I go to some forests and so many edible mushrooms have been picked or plucked turned on it's cap and just left there. I used to think I'm too late and all the good ones are gone. The interesting part about this thought is, that there is always a bushy place or a part of the forest where no one went before. Or maybe where I will find my mushroom jackpot spot.

Previous Posts on Mushrooms:

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Posts of Wild Herbs:

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Graffiti of vanishing
Dong Chang 东厂
aka Rane

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'If a dangerous situation teaches me to deviate and make different choices, it also teaches me to adapt. If I restrict my body from the input of pathogens and bacteria, it misses out on versatility of input to make it stronger. If I give it something already prepared, altered or synthesised to do the job, my bodies own mechanisms becomes redundant. ' - @yangyanje

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17 comments
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Any one see anything they recognise in the basket?

ofc I recognized a puff-ball, and maybe a pale-grey one below it is a britlegill, and yellow Suillus sp. in the center of the pic

thanks for sharing! a nice post, providing help for fungi identification, supported by FL account and nominated for #OCD curation. keep up the good work!

PS.

new regulations in Switzerland I needed to submit a vaccination or test certificate.

shit, shit, shit. is this the brave new world we're already in?..
resistance is an answer.

it goes against my principles to be coerced into undergoing a medical procedure or in this case driven to social exclusion or denied participation due to my indifference in opinion.

still a million other things I don't need a certificate for? Maybe like going to the forest

this.

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So honored you stopped by. Also thanks for these wise and encouraging comments. There more to them that resonate with me a lot! Profound lessons to be learned. Stay strong.

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Awesome finds, I dare you to do a tiny taste test nibble of the bitter bolete lol. It tastes like burnt rubber very bitter indeed.

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It's funny you mentioned this. I actually had no idea until recently. At one point I thought all the spongy ones were edible. But I was still very certain to identify the boletus edulis. Actually did try the radicans in my mouth and spat it out. Same with the Tylopilus felleus. Gonna be out this weekend too. Thanks for stopping by buddy.

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There was a young Tylopilus felleus I found a few months ago that looked just like a white bolete. I even brought it home sure that it was a white bolete then I cooked a bit of it and man was it horrible tasting. I read somewhere that pickling bitter boletes kind of makes them taste like a green olive but I've never tried it, technically they are edible but way too bitter to eat.

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Haha, that sounds so familiar mate. The season is also just starting where you are , right? I'm so exited. got my dehydrator ready. I actually ate it once too, because I am a fan of bitter melon with vinegar. I gotta say I am not a fan of Tylopilus felleus. lol The smell of mushrooms can really train the olfactory senses to identify mushrooms. I had no idea about that significance. so even before putting a small piece in your mouth, the smell can give away a lot. I once smelled a amanita citrina and almost puked. Some mushrooms also smell like old socks or smelly dog, right?. lol.

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Oh yeah I have often found hen of the woods by smell, they have that strong sulfur mushroom smell in a good way. Whatever you do don't try and smell any of the stink horns. I've only found amanita citrina a couple times but never thought of smelling them (I'll avoid it thanks to you lol).

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Echt geil! Ziet das mer.mal go pilzle gemd 🍄
!BEER 🍻

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Würdi au sege! It's time to hit the Wald/Forest/the Biosphere/Biophilia Paradise/Rhizosphere, home to our biotic symbiot's and pur epiorganic cousins. Es isch Ziit!

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Hahahah besser chamers ned säge. 🤘
!BEER 🍻
!invest_vote

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Fuck these guys with their protocols they can suck a bag of it 😁 I am so sorry, I meant... Nononono this is exactly what I meant, fuck I am so conflicted...

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Man, you totally got my protocol drift lol. At times i think no one gets the anecdotes i make. Thanks for coming thru. I just came from finding some Coprinopsis atramentaria. Lol i think i might trip.

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Coprinopsis atramentaria

Shit brother!

It's called the inky cap! And the only reason I know this it's beacause I googled it, and apparently is poisonous only after drinking alcohol. Can you imagine the feasts back in the days? The only guy that doesn't drink, is probably the killer!

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That really pisses me off, to hear that you can not longer attend your meet ups. But you know better things are coming, that is for sure.
I am so jealous of your mushroom harvest. Lions mane is definitely one that I want to grow. I will have to get you over this way for some advise!
Thanks for another wonderful post promoting and celebrating Fungi xxxxx

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